Polls Details

36 Political Candidate Qualifications

In previous articles, I have expanded on concerns expressed by other ex elected representatives regarding the effectiveness of those elected by current campaign methods. The generally held concern that the present methods of nomination of candidates by the Political Parties, at the constituency level, does not assure selection of those with sufficient capability to adequately fulfill the duties required of them. Political Parties appear to be only interested in an ability to be elected, not an ability to govern. The evolution of the power, and members financial reward, being controlled by the controllers of the political parties has resulted in the elected representatives allowing dictatorial control by the political leaders. The mind control of voters, by the political parties, that presently determines who is elected, must be replaced by voters basing their choice on a thorough evaluation of candidates abilities.

To do this every voter should be provided with at least as much information as would be required by any other employer of candidates for equally challenging positions. All Candidates should be required to answer any and all questions asked by constituents seeking a proper basis on which to make their vote.

The question of the extent of knowledge and learning ability of a candidate should not be limited to the level of schooling. As Mark Twain said “one should not let their schooling interfere with their education”. Voters should know the fields of knowledge that have been added since academic studies. How much has been learned about the social and economic functions of Government ? What experience of the real world has been absorbed? What books have been read? Have the books such as “Tragedy in the Commons”; “Irresponsible Government”; “Shopping for Votes”, “What I learned about politics” and many others, which would prepare the candidate for the route to failure that might follow their election, been studied ? Is there the ability to read and understand the statutes, whose vetting will be the primary responsibility of the elected representative? Is he/she able to articulate and follow the level of morality that will be required to restore justice to Government and to society? Is there a willingness to learn and grapple with the important economic and fiscal problems faced by our country? Is there the strength to stand up to the lobbyists who would infect the mind and morals of legislators? Is there enough originality and firmness of mind to accept change of Government and our economy from the present dysfunctional status ? Will they be merely politicians or dedicated servants of the people ?

These questions should be answered, and many more questions dealing with Government policies, should be understood and answered when asked by voters in the constituency. I will be suggesting such questions in other articles.



37 EWT Business History

Edd Twohig, Business/Employment History

In the early years growing up on a farm there were always chores, planting and harvesting to keep a young one out of trouble. The first introduction to entrepreneurship was at age 13. The farmer next door had, 2 years earlier, a small apple orchard, that had become inefficient, pulled out by the roots. In walking past these dried trees it occurred that this was a very dry wood that would be welcomed as firewood. I approached the farmer and proposed to cut this wood into cord wood length and keep ½ the wood for the work. For that summer it resulted in hourly earnings in excess of that of a skilled tradesman, and my first bank account at a branch where I still maintain an account.
Teenage years included part time work in small businesses of woodworking, junk dealer, grocery store and my grandfathers lumber mill. As an indicator of my future profession, at one point (age 16) I was the chief tally for loading ships of lumber to England. This entailed tallying truckloads of lumber and at night calculating the delivery to the ship of the loads from my truck and those of 3 others tallys . Then, when the ship was loaded, reconciling the total cargo with that calculated by the ship.
After working in, and eventually winding up, the family automobile, truck and farm equipment dealership, I became an apprentice at the firm of Chartered Accountants that served the family business. At that time the regimen of an apprentice was work days and study nights. Upon attaining the degree of Chartered Accountant, I was immediately chosen to open a new branch office. Advancement to partnership followed as the firm grew to 20 branches. That firm is now the Canadian partner to the International Grant Thornton firm.
While practicing in a predominately fishing area I advised a group of 4 of my clients to join in filling a need for a fish meal processing plant, a business of which I had gained both financial and operating knowledge with a client in another area. Total responsibility for feasibility, design supervision, equipment procurement and financing fell to me. At the last moment, one of the clients backed out, so I invested the 25% interest meant for them. The management of the plant responsibility continued, on a fee for service basis for any time that was devoted thereto during office hours, until its sale.

The plant had a throughput of 5 tons per hour of raw material. The industry had always packaged the product in bags for delivery to animal feed plants. Our product brokers were asked to see if ours could be delivered in bulk. They did nothing, so I went directly to a chain of feed mills that were very willing to set up bulk facilities. That reduced our staff, of an already efficient plant, to one person, and increased our bottom line by 10% on sales. I subsequently negotiated sale of this plant to National Sea Products, who had several processing plants in eastern Canada, New Hampshire and Florida.
Another large fish processing client had me do the feasibility, projections, financing application, design supervision and equipment purchase for a 15 ton per hour fishmeal plant. Interestingly, this client had come to my professional accounting office to take over his account. They had been poorly served by their lawyer as well as by their accountant. I selected a new law firm for them and worked with that firm to reorganize about 15 controlled corporations into a more efficient organization.
This client asked me to join them  in order to establish a 40-ton per hour fishmeal plant in Newfoundland. In order to secure experienced fish meal plant operating personnel, I negotiated a common stock exchange for a 5-ton per hour plant. My duties were as project manager as well as for the feasibility, projections, financing, etc. of the new plant plus management of the purchased plant. The new plant was a more complicated than a normal project since the bulk of materials and equipment were purchased and landed at site by cargo vessel. As well, it was necessary to negotiate construction of a higher capacity power line of 50 miles to the site and to negotiate with government to have a bridge strengthened to move our heavy equipment to site. After start up and a full operating season, my interests in the company were sold to Minas Basin Pulp and Power (a Canadian holding company) who had a previous investment in a fish meal operation, and with whom both my father and grandfather, as well a I, had done business.
I kept the 5-ton per hour plant as part of the deal. The plant was rebuilt to eliminate down time and bulk product handling was added. This was a seasonal operation on schedule of 2 - 12 hour shifts per day, 6 days per week, including one 12-hour shift for weekly maintenance. For a few years the seasonal operation was under plant managers, during which time I turned to management consulting. Later, following resignation from the engineering firm,(mentioned below) I operated the plant myself for a season and then, over 18 months, negotiated sale to the St Simon Island, SC, SeaPak division, of Rich Foods.

As a consultant with my old accounting firm, assignments provided a broad experience in public utility rate setting and capital projects, government planning, business advisory services and as the project evaluator of applications for establishing industrial development projects for Cape Breton Development. These applications came from many parts of Eastern Canada and USA for the manufacture of varied products including nails, rope, pens and bread. These were busy times, such that, on one occasion, my wife came to the airport with clean clothes as I changed flights. One memorable consulting assignment was to examine a woodwork manufacturing plant and building material outlet. My first weekly progress meeting with the owner gave a preliminary report that the manager was light on staff organization and delegation. To my surprise, returning on Monday, the manager had been fired and had left. The next two weeks required reorganization and establishing management responsibility centers and functional controls with the existing, and capable, staff.
One assignment was to partner with a firm of consulting engineers on a proposal for a 25-year fishing industry development plan for Trinidad and Tobago. My inclusion of a computerized financial plan and sensitivity analysis was attractive to the government officials and well received in our report. The engineering firm, Canplan Consultants Limited, next asked my collaboration in submitting proposals to the World Bank for 2 projects in Yemen, design and construction management of a fish processing plant and a preliminary study for a harbor and community development. We were selected and I joined the firm as Vice President, responsible for project management of the projects and also for international business development, as well as input on other projects as required. In one year this resulted in over 165 days overseas. We also established a travel agency for which I was Management Director. The company growth was too rapid for its available capital resources. I negotiated amalgamation with a stronger engineering firm but it fell through because of negative action by our company president. This prompted my resignation and allowed a short time in retirement, mostly sailing, then managing and selling my fish meal plant.
During the period of management consulting with the Chartered Accounting and Engineering firms, while on an engagement with the telephone company, an association was developed with a communication technical expert. He involved me, as the financial partner, with a cable television franchise application. We were awarded the license for Metrovision Limited. I then applied for a regional license in my own name, but did not have enough political connections to be awarded the license.
We did go forward as consultants in 3 other successful applications and as partners in a fourth. Sale of ownership interests in the cable companies provided the normal negotiation challenges.
While searching for another business venture, a pre-cast concrete manufacturing company being operated by trustees, following the untimely death of the young owner, was attractive. I did the investigation and valuation and after a few months my offer was accepted. The manager was capable but had not changed from the unsophisticated business practices of the young owner. I undertook rationalization of a product line that included unprofitable castings. Also, a computer and software were added and a standard product costing control system introduced. Following the retirement of the manager the company was operated and expanded by my sons. We recently negotiated sale to a large local construction company.
Shortly after leaving the engineering firm, at a meeting with my securities broker, (who grew up in the same small town), at a time when a Provincial election had been called, he said, “ You are going to run as candidate for the Nova Scotia legislature in Kings North”. I said “ But I have not lived there for 25 years”. He replied, based on my parents and family reputation, “ But the name is good”. The result was, my election for that and also for one subsequent election, but I did not offer for a third term. I served on several Legislative Committees including one to establish legislation supporting Venture Capital Corporations. Then, following the old adage “Put your money where your mouth is” I attracted partners and raised the money to start a small regional Venture Capital Company. This did a number of deals and by the time I moved to the USA I had acquired 100% ownership and then sold the last investment to a firm from France. After retiring from elected office, I renewed my bankruptcy trustee license and practiced until relocating in the USA.
I sub contracted and managed international fisheries projects until my wife and I took over the restoration of a property, constructed in 1745 with additions in 1821 and 1875, that my stepson had purchased and started to renovate as a Bed and Breakfast.  This was then sold back to him, and subsequently, I returned to run the Inn for him from 2004 to 2009.
Then in 2011 and 2012, I was sole parent, cook, housekeeper and driver of 2 Grandchildren, age 11 and 12. Apart from accepting an occasional personal request for business assistance, I have dedicated myself to thinking and writing about legislation and administration of Governments.




Will you support changing the voting system to require a clear majority of votes by the voters in a constituency to elect their member?


To answer this question candidates would be required to understand the following. Under the present system of “first past the post” a representative of the people can be elected with as low as one over the average number of candidates. For example, with 4 candidates, a representative could be elected with 25% + 1 of the ballots cast. This method favours the political party with the biggest advertising budget or the most charismatic leader. The candidate with the highest credentials and greatest ability may be eliminated. The winner may be only a puppet for the political party.

With a preferential or alternative method of voting each voter would select their 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th choice of candidate. The candidate with the lowest number of 1st choice votes would be eliminated and their 2nd choices would be counted for the remaining candidates. The first candidate to reach a majority of votes would be the elected representative. Such a voting method would not restrict the influence of the political party members, who could still support their candidate, qualified or not. It would not restrict those voters who could still support their friends or family members, qualified or not. It would not restrict those voters who were led, or mislead, by party advertising, candidate qualified or not. It would restrict the rest of the voters by requiring their effort to compare the credentials and ability of all candidates.


Will you support restriction of government funds for political election purposes?

“Shopping for Votes: How Politicians Choose Us and We Choose Them” by Susan Delacourt is a frightening look at the use by the political parties of marketing and advertising to influence voters. The political parties obviously have a very low opinion of the people from whom they are “shopping for votes”, as well as for their elected representatives, to assume that they should be influenced that way. The same advertising methods that are used to sell cheap, unhealthy, unneeded and overpriced products are being employed to sell the political parties. And they are using our tax dollars to do it.

As one reviewer of the book said “Where once politics was seen as a public service, increasingly it’s seen as a business, and citizens are considered customers. But its unadvertised products are voter apathy and gutless public policy.” The advertising methods base its appeal on the worst of public traits. Their greed and something for nothing wishes. The advertising sees the public as nothing but “an open mouth, the Government a ladle”. The same methods used by the advertisers and marketers to sell products are used to influence voters. But with the difference that the political parties use methods that are outlawed by the codes of Advertising councils.

There is no need for taxpayers to pay for the selling of themselves by the political parties. Constituents, “the taxpayers”, need only know the credentials and ability of the candidates from whom they must select the one to represent them in the legislative body. Advertising, directed by marketing research, does not distribute this knowledge. The millions of taxpayers money provided to the political parties as tax rebates for donations or as payment of electioneering expenses is of no benefit for voters, only for the political parties. The voters only need to know the credentials and ability of the candidates, which can be provided by clearly stated qualifications and answers to questions by constituents circulated only within the constituency to be represented by the candidate chosen.

Citizens should not have to pay for the advertising that most find unwanted and offensive. The use of political advertising as it is practiced today is worse than the condemned practice of gift giving in previous years. The gift giving had little effect on voting, although it did result in better rates of voter participation, whereas the targeted advertising of today is meant to control the mind, and is turning citizens against participation. The lack of substance in political advertising does not inform and assist voters in making knowledgeable choices of candidate. Other than blind support for ones political party, the decision by voters should be from knowledge, not from mindless advertising.




I want everyone to remember and know

Of the poem I wrote at birthday eight oh

Now I have reacher birthday eight five

For bad or good, I am still alive

The moving hand wrote that I  was meant

To survive those five of life’s events

The bad, the sad, the great,the good

I did not plan them as I should

I lost my marriage with Marie

Then my grandchildren rescued me

They gave me joy to see me through

Housekeeping and taxi was lots to do

Then they too were swept away

Then good old friends helped one day

To renew with Joyce from decades past

A friendship that was meant to last

Our laughter and fun did grow and thrive

To help me live more than survive

That and family provided reasons

To tackle life a few more seasons

But why would one with any brain

Choose politics as interest once again

After accomplishing so little once there

It seemed a challenge to try and repair

The political mess we all must bear

Maybe better to live, laugh and think

Of pleasant things, like food and drink

And just let time and trouble pass away

And live to the fullest another day.


When I met William F Buckley Jr.

“William F. Buckley was a writer and political TV personality who helped make conservative politics popular in the 1950s-1970s.  William F. Buckley founded the conservative journal National Review in 1955 and added syndicated columnist to his resume in 1962. At its height, the twice-weekly column ran in more than 300 newspapers. The magazine, columns and TV’s Firing Line all made Buckley's intellectual political writings famous. His 40 books dealt with contemporary politics, and in the 1970s he turned to writing spy novels.”

In the early 60’s  I was practicing as a Chartered Account in Digby, Nova Scotia and a little bit involved in political organization in the area. I leaned to right wing causes and was mightely impressed with William F Buckley, his writings and his debates on television.

Also being attracted  to sailboats, and sea things, I kept an eye on the yachts that often paid a point of call to Digby, Nova Scotia from time to time. On one nice summer day I noted a nice 35 to 40 foot ketch tied to the wharf. Near the end of the day, with my next door neighbour, John, we  sauntered to the wharf. By this time of day many of the scallop fishing boats had returned to port. They had found this fancy yacht in the section where a number of them moored each night. With great consideration, but little care, they had let loose the lines of the fancy yacht and moved their boats into place inside of the yacht. This happened several times, so by the time the owner of the yacht returned from tuna fishing, the yacht had several fishing boats between itself and the  dock.

Friend John and I, being on site when the owner, William F Buckley returned from an unproductive day of tuna fishing, entered into conversation, and were invited on board the yacht. Very soon after boarding the yacht, Mr. Buckley realized that the fishermen, in squeezing their crude vessels in between the yacht and the wharf, had dented his steel yacht.  A steel yacht, built in Holland, was not just in need of an automotive body shop. Mr. Buckley was facing  many thousand of dollars to repair the damage. Mr. friend, John, being a practitioner of the legal profession, suffered some interrogation regarding action against the fishermen. Even I, a mere accountant, knew that no recourse was of any use.

It was a memorable event with many drinks and lively conversation with William F Buckley Jr..  Me a humble accountant in Digby NS and William F Buckley Jr. star of radio and TV and a leader of the right wing.  



To me, most people are young people. If I might advise those under 25, I advise, wake up to what has happened in your country, and take action because you want a better country. I was of your age once, and I wanted a better country. And I worked for it. For you who are over 50, and I was also there once. We should act out of guilt over what we have done or let others do to our country. Realize what  your country has become, with concentration of wealth and power in the few. Either rise up and make the effort peacefully now or let your children and grandchildren do it by violence.

I may not be heard by the majority of our people. They are too busy with the uphill battle of careers and family, like I was, to realize what is being done to them. They have been educated and brainwashed to believe that what the paper pusher, robber barons are doing is the only way.

In the earlier days of serfdom, the control of the serfs was restricted to an area of land owned by the lords. Now, because of modern communication, the control area is unrestricted. Before, the serfdom was defined by land, now it is defined by money. Your Government no longer controls the money. Do not think for a moment that the control of money has been through the creation of wealth or has been taken justly. Maybe lawfully, but not justly. It has been taken by the weakness of Government, which has been caused by the Political Parties and their controllers. It has been taken because our elected representatives have failed to represent the people that elect them.

What can you do about it?  You can do the same as those who first worked and sacrificed to build their lives and their country. You can work and sacrifice. Do it now, or it will be done later, with greater sacrifice.

You have to make the effort of mind and body. You must stop our dedication to the TV sets, ( the opiate of the masses) to the sports teams, to harmful substances. You must  use your mind to better understand how things work and how they should work. You have to make sure you elect people who will take the actions necessary to effect change in Government. You must be one of those few who will do the work.

The first thing is to realize that you CAN do the work, that you WANT to make a difference. You have to do what every uprising has done, join with all the people you can in the common purpose. To elect people, you can overcome the advertising paid for by the political machines. You can again relegate the political parties to creative purposes. Fewer people are volunteering to work for political parties. You have to expand and transfer your enthusiasm to every voter several times during a campaign. I changer the voting record of a constituency who had voted for only one party for 100 years. I called at every house in the constituency at least two times to extol the ability of the candidate. You can make change by doing the same.



The articles published on this web site are the result of a lot of study by an individual with a long experience in business, in the Chartered Accountant profession, as a consultant and project manager and in politics from poll worker to Provincial Legislature member and candidate for Member of Parliament.

Although some ideas may be radical and presented only to provoke concepts, other ideas, especially on taxation, have furthered concepts developed over many decades.

Representative democracy has suffered from a lack of thinking, debate, involvement, effort and action by individual citizens. There is ample, if circumstantial, evidence that democracy suffers from politicians and governments, in addition to ordinary citizens, being mind and financially controlled by elite minorities. 

Economic inequality has increased in most countries, including Canada. The fruits of economic growth, resulting from the natural, technological and human resources of Canada, and other countries, have been allowed to be allocated to individuals and international organizations, not the society that created it. 

I refuse to believe, as I am told, that people are too dumb, lazy, busy, selfish, greedy, lack empathy, sympathy and humanity to think, reason and act to assure distributive justice.

I have been labeled right wing, left wing, socialist, capitalist, conservative, liberal. I believe that as a member of any society, or country, whatever the governing system may be, that each and every member has a duty to "produce according to ones ability" and is entitled " to consume according to ones needs". Current emphasis is on consumption, which weakens society, but should emphasise work and production.

Comments are welcome. Should there be any wisdom here, please pass it on.






"from the book “the Four Horsemen”          " Question: What are your thoughts on the current crop of Western politicians?"

"Answer: “They are a colossal distraction, and increasingly irrelevant. It’s almost impossible to find an economically literate politician, or one that understands the need to re-order the economy and establish new political processes. Many politicians have little or no real world experience. These career politicians don’t have the self awareness to understand that without a good understanding of real world economics, politics is a magnet for narcissists. Politicians look after the next election. Statesmen look after the next generation. It’s statesmen we need now.”

 3 years ago I started a study that has included hundreds of pages of economics and political books, online university study, extensive lectures and interviews and much THINKING. Now I understand what is being done to Canada by the political parties.  For the last 45 years the Members of Parliament  have been standing by while others have devastated our economy. The last Prime Ministers, P. Trudeau, B. Mulroney, J. Chretien, & S. Harper have been weakening our economy. The income and wealth of the middle class has been shrinking, while the lowest 10%, and top 10% have grown in number. The share of all Canadian income going to the top 1% has almost doubled. Government debt has increased from $ 100 to $ 1700 billion and household debt by a similar degree.

FOR YOU YOUNG & WITH LOW INCOME!  I believe that this country, with proper Parliamentary representation, can provide employment and wages sufficient for a good life, and if not, enough money for a decent life. You have been given futile hope with university educations that do not assure a good living instead of skills training to get the better jobs. You are stuck with minimum wage, part time or unproductive work. You have the power to change all that, but many of you do not vote.  The well off all vote but there are more of you. 

FOR YOU IN THE MIDDLE CLASS!  I believe that this country, with proper Parliamentary representation, can introduce a tax system, based on standard of living,  that replaces favoritism for the rich with fair and simpler tax treatment to all. Many of you do not bother to vote, probably because you do not like the political parties. Your vote will count if you elect an independent candidate.

FOR  BUSINESSES!  I believe that this country, with proper Parliamentary representation,can extend the benefits provided for saving and investing to all investment in business of any size, taxing only what is taken home to live on.

OUR ENVIRONMENT!  I believe that this country, with proper Parliamentary representation, can fashion our economy without accumulating great environmental debt for Canadians in the future.

OUR PLACE IN THE WORLD! I believe that this country, with proper Parliamentary representation, can maintain participation in international affairs without subjecting our military, businesses, environment and society to foreign policies and controls.

In the last 45 years, since 1970, the Political Parties of Canada have allowed the economy of our society be dominated by international financial and corporate interests. The International Basel Committee, including Canada,  at that time led by P.E. Trudeau, undertook to control the monetary and financial policies of governments. The resulting economic instability in the USA, Britain and elsewhere, including Canada, has resulted in a weakened middle class, a larger lower class and the concentration of income and wealth in the rich elite. The policies of the political party in power, apparently condoned by the opposition parties, have lost control of our money to the banks. As Prime Minister Mackenzie King stated “ Once a nation parts with the control of its currency and credit, it matters not who makes the nation’s laws.” It appears that our MP’s do not know, or do not care, what is being done to us.

Since 1974 our Governments have needlessly cost the taxpayers $1 trillion in interest payments, have entered trade agreements that have, through trade and investment agreements,  devastated our  employment and industrial base. Canada has been plunged into needless government debt and crippling personal debt. The income tax has been engineered to favour the rich, especially the unproductive financial sector.  Our present and future generations will have little opportunity to live the life they deserve, unless fundamental changes are made to the way we govern and tax our society.

Before 1974 Canada had little debt, we had come through the depression, financed WWII, the Korean war, built the trans Canada highway and the St. Lawrence seaway all without significant debt. Employment rates were  high and paid wages enough to provide a comfortable living.  Small business grew and grew the economy. Taxation was reasonably fair and much less complicated. The top graduated tax rate on the highest incomes, ( those now over $136,000) was, during that time, above 75%, it  is now under 40%, the lowest it has been since the 1920’s, just before the great depression, and there is much of their income not subject to tax.  Many economists are forecasting another depression.

Those in the financial sector of our economy have  diverted our economy from creating employment and wealth to investment gambling that favours the rich. The founder of the Vanguard Investment Group stated:  “ The job of finance is to provide capital to companies. We do it to the tune of $250 billion a year in initial public and secondary offerings. What else do we do? We encourage investors to trade about $32 trillion a year. So the way I calculate it, 99% of what we do in this industry is people trading with one another, with a gain only to the middleman. It’s a waste of resources.”  Our Gross Domestic Product  has only been supported by financial gambling, consumer credit and Government Debt.

Our Members of Parliament have allowed themselves to become politicians instead of Parliamentarians. The political parties care not for members abilities, or a lack thereof,  but only for getting votes. There is ample evidence of the extent of the control of the party leaders over their Members of Parliament.  Members of Parliament must fulfill their proper role of vetting legislation and, more importantly, as overseers of the administration. Instead of continuing the political game, members must serve the people.

Canada is a small country with ample natural and human resources. Unless we want to be dragged down with the USA, Britain and Europe, we must make radical, and sometimes difficult changes in our society. Our politicians might feed their egos by playing the international games with the big boys, but we must make our own way with policies that serve all of our citizens. Change can only be made by electing capable members who will act and vote according to their own conscience.

a)    In eliminating all taxpayer contributions toward election expenses, except a fixed per voter contribution for each candidate’s expenses for one brochure circulation and local newspaper ad.
(b)    That political advertising should be limited and subject to proper rules of conduct.
(c)    That constituency organizations choice of candidate should not be subject to party approval.
(d)    In random seating in the legislative bodies, free voting, and more powerful committees.
(e)    That question period should require written questions and answers that are published.
(f)    In full time devotion by members to the duties of legislation and administration review.
(g)    In restoration of the Bank of Canada functions as sole creator of money and as the financing source of the Governments of Canada.
(h)    In strengthening regulation of financial institutions and markets, corporations and monopolies.
(i)    In eliminating Income Tax or defining income to include all receipts less all savings and investment.  There is no need for complicated taxation.
(j)    In protecting people from the excesses of consumer debt induced by consumer loan and credit agencies.
(k)    In implementing a tax on wealth to be used only for investment in public infrastructure and to encourage productive investment.

(l)    In the inclusion of costs of environment protection and degradation in economic decisions.
(m)   That  the military should not be engaged in foreign conflicts but should be expanded for training in national defense and emergency services.
(n)    That people should be provided with medical services only in excess of a small annual proportion (say 2%) of their taxable income or total wealth, and should be advised of the costs paid on their behalf.
(o)    That the many distributive justice programs should be replaced by a single basic universal income.
(p)    In the prevention of speculative financial devices from extracting real wealth from the economy.
(q)    That the benefits now provided for savings through the RRSP and other tax benefits should be available for all savings, without regard to amount or method.
(r)    That the benefits of the “trade deals” accrue mostly to international corporations and may act against Canadian sovereignty and economy.

I am angry at all political parties. Their main interest is party politics, not good government. They all take away the independence of their members. They all support special interests.  For 45 years they have followed disastrous policies that have devastated our production and employment, created massive government and household debt and weakened our democracy. Their tax policies have allowed income and wealth to go to the very rich. The rich get richer and the middle class is paying for it. Government debt is massive. All political parties squander the wealth of Canada on election advertising, mostly paid by taxation. The only way to restore true democracy is to elect some independent candidates.

I am economically literate. I understand the need, and have ability, and have ideas to re-order the economy and political processes.  I have extensive real world experience. I have political experience.  I am not interested in the next election, but in the next generation.  I would like to instruct and  influence other MP’s to serve people, not political parties. I believe in democratic capitalism and the market economy, neither of which our political parties have practiced for 45 years.
Party politicians vote for their party, I pledge to vote for whatever is best for Canada.



In 1934 the Bank of Canada was created in form similar to the Federal Reserve Bank in the USA and the Bank of England. In 1937 Prime Minister MacKenzie King stated  “Once a nation parts with the control of its currency and credit, it matters not who makes the nation’s laws. Usury, once in control, will wreck any nation. Until the control of the issue of currency and credit is restored to government and recognized as its most sacred responsibility, all talk of the sovereignty of parliament and of democracy is idle and futile.”  He, as Great Britain also did in 1946, had the ownership of the Bank transferred to the Government of Canada on behalf of the people. Prime Minister P.E. Trudeau and all others since have ignored his advice and have given the wealth of Canada to private and international banks.

The Bank of Canada filled the role of financing the borrowing of all three levels of government at minimal interest cost to the Canadian taxpayer. That practice continued until  1970 when Canada, with a Liberal government under P. Trudeau,  joined the Bank for International Settlements. Since that time the Federal debt has ballooned to $616 billion dollars.  Another $564 billion, that could have been loaned by the Bank of Canada, is debt of the Provinces. In addition, the creation of money is by the banks instead of the Bank of Canada.

In 1970, when Canada’s monetary policy was surrendered to the  Bank for International Settlements, Canada’s debt was $20 billion dollars. This was after Canada had financed its way out of the great depression, paid for World War Two, the Korean war, built the St. Lawrence Seaway and the Trans Canada Highway. If the country had not paid out interest to private and international institutions for the last 45 years, we would have little federal debt. The trillion dollars paid to private and international institutions would have been been paid to the people of Canada.

 Members of Parliament, should undertake to support restoration of the Bank of Canada to the original mandate as established by Prime Minister King.


Canada’s economy is suffering because 10% of the Canadian population are holding 50% of the country's  wealth and are receiving 40% of the total income. The only way to restore society and the economy to stability is to return the marginal tax rates to those in effect during times when there was good employment, a healthy middle class and our finances and economy were stable.  The last time top marginal tax rates were in the 40% range, as they are now, was in the 1920’s,  just before the Great Depression. In 1940 they exceeded 80% for the rich and remained there until the mid 1950’s, dropping only to the high 70% for the rich until the 1970’s. Since then the tax burden has been shifted to the middle working classes. Since then both our Government and households have accumulated crushing debt.  The percentage of Canada’s population in the middle class has decreased while for the bottom 20% and top 20% of people the numbers have both increased.  The productive sector of our economy has shrunk while the financial sector has grown and has become a gambling casino.  Economic recessions are becoming more frequent and deeper. Gross Domestic Product is increasingly based on debt, gambling in financial instruments and consumption of foreign products. It is time for fair rates of taxation on the amount of wealth taken from the production and wealth created by our society.

 Members of Parliament should undertake to support restoration of income tax rates to levels in effect for the higher incomes before 1970.


The burden of debt suffered by the majority of Canadians can no longer be considered a statistic. It is the weak being harmed by the strong. The Government is failing to protect people from the commercial predators. The majority of people are dominated by persons who understand the mental processes and social patterns of the masses. Thru advertising, they  pull the wires which control the public mind and induce unnecessary spending and debt. Government’s role is to provide protection for their citizens from the financial powers.

Several things can be done to protect the public:
Prevent foreclosure on homes where property value may have decreased but the regular payments are still being met. We have seen the effect of devaluation of property values before.
Prevent foreclosure where the owner’s income has decreased but a reasonable portion of income is being paid on the debt.
Review the Bankruptcy provisions to ease filing and to rank creditors by age of debt so that those making bad loans suffer for their own actions.
Limit credit card interest rates and fees so that the element of risk is assumed by the credit grantor.

 Members of Parliament should undertake to support measures to ease the suffering from personal debt.


Government should support savings, both to its own advantage and that of the saver.
Savings and investment are necessary in a productive economy;
Government support for individuals is decreased if there are personal savings;
People with savings are happier, more stable and more productive;

The present incentives for saving encourages few that would not be saving without the incentives. The higher the tax bracket of the saver the greater the tax deferment.  Small business, the best source of economic growth, is not eligible for an incentive on an investment.  Those with small savings must have ready access in times of need.  Those in taxable brackets now receive an immediate cash incentive. The richer the taxpayer the greater the payment.  Those who struggle on incomes below taxable amounts, and those who have less to save, those who need the incentive more, are not eligible.  

The incentives should be changed so that all savings are eligible for the incentive. A simple savings bank account, an investment in a small business, a self administered fund or a normal RRSP should all be eligible. The incentive rate should be at the highest rate for all savings, and if not deducted from tax payable, should be a refundable to the saver upon filing the annual tax return.
Question:  I will, as a Member of Parliament, undertake to support measures to provide the savings incentives equally to all Canadians?


Equally discriminatory is the effect of exempting any part of capital gains income from income tax at marginal rates. Once again, the most benefit is to the rich, those making gains from investing in the unproductive financial instruments. The saving of income tax in any year is equivalent to a cash payment equal to the tax saving. The capital gain income exemption enables that income to be consumed, so it offsets any savings. Capital gain income put into savings could still be encouraged if within the saving incentive limit or by special recognition.

Question:  I will, as a Member of Parliament, undertake to support measures to include capital gains in ordinary income and provide savings incentives thereon, equally to all Canadians?


Ranked voting would allow you to vote for all candidates in order of who you would like elected. This would assure that there would be a majority of votes for the elected candidate. It is generally accepted that governments change only because political parties lose an election, not because a party wins. A most capable representative may be defeated by association with a defeated political party or leader.  The present system of voting results in candidates being elected, when there are more than two,  with less than 50% support. The present extent of the manipulation of the minds and opinions of the masses reduces the opportunity for serious evaluation of candidates. By adopting a ranking system of voting, voters must exercise some thought to their first, second, third and fourth order of choice. This still allows the first choice to be based on political affiliation, policies or personal association with a candidate while requiring valuation of other candidates.

 Members of Parliament should undertake to support measures to introduce ranked voting for votes in Canada.